Ayyukan sake amfani da sharar waje

Brazil |Ethanol man fetur aikin
A cikin 1975, an ƙaddamar da babban shirin ci gaba don samar da man ethanol daga bagasse;

Jamus |Tattalin arzikin madauwari da dokar sharar gida
An gabatar da manufar Engriffsregelung (ma'auni na kariyar muhalli da tushen "rashin halittu") a cikin 1976;
A cikin 1994, Bundestag ya zartar da dokar da'a da tattalin arziki da sharar gida, wanda ya fara aiki a cikin 1996 kuma ya zama babbar doka ta musamman don gina madauwari tattalin arziki da kawar da sharar gida a Jamus.Don sharar shimfidar wuri, Jamus ta haɓaka shirin Kassel (sunan jami'ar Jamus): lambun matattu rassan, ganye, furanni da sauran datti, ragowar abinci na dafa abinci, bawon 'ya'yan itace da sauran sharar gida a cikin jakunkuna na filastik, sa'an nan kuma cikin guga na tattara don sarrafawa. .

Amurka |Dokar kiyaye albarkatu da farfadowa
Dokar Kare Albarkatun & Farfadowa (RCRA) da aka ƙaddamar kuma aka aiwatar a cikin 1976 ana iya ɗaukarta azaman tushen gudanarwa na tattalin arzikin madauwari na noma.
A cikin 1994, Hukumar Kare Muhalli ta ba da lambar epA530-R-94-003 musamman don tattarawa, rarrabuwa, takin zamani da kuma bayan aiwatar da sharar shimfidar wuri, da dokoki da ka'idoji masu alaƙa.

Denmark |Shirye-shiryen sharar gida
Tun daga 1992, an tsara tsarin sharar gida.Tun daga 1997, an ƙulla cewa duk sharar da ake iya ƙonewa dole ne a sake yin fa'ida kamar yadda aka haramta makamashi da zubar da ƙasa.An tsara jerin ingantattun tsare-tsare na doka da tsarin haraji, kuma an aiwatar da wasu tsare-tsare masu fayyace na karfafa gwiwa.

New Zealand |Dokoki
An haramta zubar da ƙasa da kona sharar gida, kuma ana inganta manufofin takin zamani da sake amfani da su sosai.

UK |10 shekara tsarin
An tsara wani shiri na shekaru 10 na "hana amfani da peat a kasuwanci", kuma yawancin yankunan Burtaniya sun yanke hukuncin haramta amfani da peat na kasuwanci a madadin wasu.

Japan |Dokar Gudanar da Sharar gida (Bita)
A cikin 1991, gwamnatin Japan ta ba da sanarwar "Dokar Kula da Sharar gida (Revised Version)", wanda ya nuna gagarumin sauyin sharar daga "maganin tsafta" zuwa "maganin gyara" zuwa "samar da fitarwa da sake amfani da shi", kuma ta ba da amanar sharar gida. ka'idar "grading".Yana nufin Rage, Sake amfani, sake yin fa'ida, ko karɓar sake yin amfani da sinadarai na zahiri da sinadarai, Mai da da zubar.Bisa kididdigar da aka yi, a cikin 2007, yawan sake amfani da sharar gida a Japan ya kasance 52.2%, wanda 43.0% ya ragu ta hanyar magani.

Kanada |Makon Taki
Sau da yawa ana amfani da sake yin amfani da shi don ƙyale sharar yadi ya ruɓe a zahiri, wato, rassan da aka yayyage da ganye ana amfani da su kai tsaye azaman suturar ƙasa.Majalisar Taki ta Kanada tana amfani da "Makon Taki na Kanada" da ake gudanarwa daga 4 zuwa 10 ga Mayu kowace shekara don ƙarfafa 'yan ƙasa su yi nasu takin don gane sake amfani da sharar shimfidar wuri [5].Ya zuwa yanzu, an raba kwandon takin zamani miliyan 1.2 ga gidaje a fadin kasar nan.Bayan sanya sharar kwayoyin halitta a cikin kwandon takin na tsawon kusan watanni uku, ana iya amfani da nau'ikan kayan halitta iri-iri kamar bushesshen furanni, ganye, takarda da aka yi amfani da su da guntun itace a matsayin takin halitta.

Belgium |Mixed takin
Sabis na kore a cikin manyan biranen kamar Brussels sun daɗe suna amfani da gaurayawan takin don magance koren sharar halitta.Garin yana da manyan wuraren da ake buɗaɗɗen takin zamani guda 15 da wuraren ajiyewa guda huɗu waɗanda ke ɗaukar ton 216,000 na sharar kore.Ƙungiyar ba da riba ta VLACO tana tsarawa, sarrafa inganci da haɓaka sharar gida.Gaba dayan tsarin takin birnin an haɗa shi tare da sarrafa inganci, wanda ya fi dacewa da siyar da kasuwa.


Lokacin aikawa: Maris 15-2022